Gynecomastia is characterized by abnormal breast growth in men, and it shouldn’t be taken lightly. Although most common in infants and pubertal boys, it can also happen in adult men. Hormonal imbalance, which is the primary culprit in this condition, occurs naturally. But did you know that certain prescribed and illegal drugs can also cause gynecomastia to set in?
You might want to take note of these medications:
- Antidepressant and anti-anxiety drugs – several antidepressant and anti-anxiety meds, as well as antipsychotic drugs such as haloperidol, increase gynecomastia risk. For instance, research and user reports show that Diazepam, sold under the name Valium, may induce breast tissue growth.
- Heart and blood pressure drugs – ACE inhibitors such as lisinopril and enalapril treat high blood pressure and congestive heart failure, but they may also disrupt sex hormones and cause increased breast tissue growth in men. Verapamil and other calcium channel blocking drugs, another type of heart medication, also make abnormal male breast growth possible. Add to the list digitalis and amiodarone, which are other commonly prescribed heart meds.
- Chemotherapy and AIDS drugs – Many harsh and toxic chemicals are used during chemotherapy in order to kill cancer cells. Additionally, these chemo drugs may imbalance your sex hormone levels, causing abnormal breast tissue growth. On the other hand, the combination of medications for AIDS, which are also known as highly active antiretroviral therapy, may incite gynecomastia – mixtures that include efavirenz are deemed mostly like to cause gynecomastia.
- Steroids and illegal drugs – Anabolic steroids, which have an effect on enhancing athletic performance and potency, are often abused. They are very similar to the male sex hormones, but they can disrupt the hormone balance and induce female secondary sex characteristics such as breast growth. Having identical effects are alcohol and illegal drugs such as amphetamines, marijuana, and heroin.
- Anti-androgen drugs – These medications include spironolactone, flutamide, and finasteride, and they inhibit male sex hormones such as testosterone. They are usually prescribed for treating prostate enlargement or prostate cancer, but the negative effect is the disruption of sex hormone balance. As a result, female secondary sex characteristics develop, including breast growth.
Before you successfully incite male breast reduction, it is important to know these risk factors of gynecomastia. Keep posted for more news and insights to help you lose the so-called “man boobs.”